17 April 2002
AI Index MDE 28/011/2002 - News Service Nr. 68
Algeria: Immediate action needed to prevent further protest killings
"The Algerian authorities must take immediate action to ensure no more
lives are put at risk during the policing of protests," Amnesty
International said today, on the eve of the first anniversary of the death
in custody of a Kabyle schoolboy.
More than 80 unarmed demonstrators were shot dead by the security
forces in protests following the death last year, but those responsible
have still not been brought to justice. The ongoing impunity from which
they benefit continues to erode the public's already depleted confidence in
the rule of law in the country.
Action to protect the lives of protesters in Algeria is all the more
urgent in the chilling light of the killing of some 10 unarmed
demonstrators, including one allegedly aged only 14, and the injuring of
dozens more by members of the security forces at the end of March and
beginning of April 2002. The killings have taken place in the predominantly
Amazigh (Berber) region of Kabylia in northeastern Algeria.
Some of the demonstrators are reported to have been shot dead with
live ammunition, some to have been beaten or stabbed to death, and others
to have died after being hit by rubber bullets or tear-gas grenades aimed
at protesters' heads. The killings have occurred during the dispersal by
the security forces of demonstrations about deteriorating socio-economic
conditions and the arrest of hundreds of demonstrators following previous
"The violations are a shocking reminder of the authorities'
continuing lack of respect for the most basic human rights of its
citizens," Amnesty International said. "Lethal force appears to have been
used recklessly and unlawfully against demonstrators when lives were not in
Tomorrow sees the first anniversary of the killing of schoolboy
Massinissa Guermah, who died after being shot by a member of the security
forces while being held in the custody of the gendarmerie in Kabylia.
Following his death demonstrations erupted inside and outside the region.
During the months of April to June 2002, more than 80 unarmed protesters
were killed by the security forces and hundreds more were injured.
An official commission of inquiry established by the authorities to
look into the killings in Kabylia last year published a preliminary report
in July 2001. It concluded, significantly, that the gendarmerie and other
security forces had repeatedly resorted to excessive use of lethal force.
In its final report of December 2001 the commission was forced to concede
that it could not complete its mission because many witnesses were too
afraid to speak to it.
Announcements by the authorities that the individuals responsible for
the killings would be brought to justice have not been followed up.
Although the authorities say they have detained some 25 members of the
gendarmerie on charges of murder and firearms abuse in the context of the
demonstrations in Kabylia last year, 12 months on from the start of last
year's wave of killings in Kabylia, no member of the security forces is
known to have been prosecuted for unlawful killings or other human rights
If further deaths are to be avoided during ongoing demonstrations in
Algeria, the authorities must ensure, as a matter of urgency, that security
forces comply with international standards governing the conduct of
law-enforcement officials and the use of force and firearms and thereby
respect and protect the right of life. These standards stipulate that
security forces should apply non-violent means as far as possible before
resorting to the use of force, and may only use lethal force when strictly
unavoidable in order to protect life and when non-lethal means have been
"They failed to apply those standards last year. They have failed
again recently and, if no action is taken by the authorities to ensure that
those standards are applied now, there is a serious risk that more unarmed
protesters will be unlawfully killed," the organization warned.
Amnesty International calls on the authorities to ensure that full
and independent investigations are conducted into all the killings of
demonstrators during recent protests and that the alleged offenders are
brought to justice in proceedings which meet international fair trial
For more information please call Amnesty International's press office in
London, UK, on +44 20 7413 5566
Amnesty International, 1 Easton St., London WC1X 0DW web :
Last updated : April 17