|PUBLIC AI Index: MDE 28/020/2007
14 November 2007
UA 307/07 Incommunicado detention/ fear of torture or ill-treatment/ health concern
ALGERIA Kamal Akkache (m), aged 36, married and father of three children
Market worker Kamal Akkache is believed to be detained incommunicado. He has not been seen since 11 September, when he was arrested by agents from the Department for Information and Security (Département du renseignement et de la sécurité, DRS, also known as the Military Security). He is at risk or torture or other ill-treatment at the hands of the DRS. He suffers from epilepsy, and it is not known if he has regular access to the medication he needs.
On 11 September, about eight men in plain clothes arrested Kamal Akkache outside a mosque in the municipality of El-Mouradia, in the capital city of Algiers. As he reportedly resisted them, they pointed a gun to his head. Passers-by reportedly tried to intervene in the struggle, but the men identified themselves as agents from the DRS. They forced him into his own car and drove him to an unknown location.
On the morning of 16 September, six men in plain clothes who identified themselves as Military Security agents searched Kamal Akkache's home in the presence of his father Mourad. Apparently on the pretext of fetching personal belongings to take to Kamal Akkache, they took his computer, video camera, religious books and a DVD. They also took the medication he takes on daily basis for epilepsy. The men refused to reveal his whereabouts or the reason for his arrest.
Since the arrest of Kamal Akkache, his father has reported his abduction to the police, who have passed the case on to the general prosecutor. The case has also been reported to the National Council for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights (Commission nationale consultative de promotion et de protection des droits de l’Homme, CNCPPDH), Algeria’s official human rights body.
In Algeria, suspects may be held without charge for a maximum of 12 days, under Article 51 of the Code of Criminal Procedure. The arresting authorities must immediately give them the opportunity to communicate with their families and to receive visits from them. However, in practice, this last provision is generally not respected by the DRS.
In 1992, Kamal Akkache was sentenced to six years in prison, after he was convicted of belonging to a "subversive" group. This came just as an internal conflict was starting between the security forces and armed Islamist groups, sparked by the cancellation of the multi-party elections, which the Islamic Salvation Front (Front islamique du salut, FIS), an Islamist political party, was set to win. The decade-long internal conflict unleashed a human rights crisis of massive proportions. Kamal Akkache was released in 1998 on completion of his sentence.
Algerian law is routinely violated in cases of people suspected of “terrorist” activities who are arrested or detained by the DRS. Before they are either brought before the judicial authorities or released without charge, those arrested are systematically held incommunicado for up to 12 days, and sometimes longer. It is while they are in secret detention in barracks operated by the DRS that detainees are most at risk of torture and other ill-treatment. Amnesty International has received information on several cases where detainees were held by the DRS for months without contact with the outside world in violation of Algerian and international law, during which time they were reportedly subjected to torture and other ill-treatment. Algeria’s civilian authorities do not exercise effective control over the activities of the DRS.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send appeals to arrive as quickly as possible, in Arabic, French or English or your own language:
and to diplomatic representatives of Algeria accredited to your country.